Breast cancer is among the widely covered cancers in media across the world. Actually most of us have learned about it through advertisements and awareness programs, run by international health organizations, NGOs, and governing bodies, on different communication platforms. But, does everyone find out about breast cancer and its risk factors, let aside the available treatments and tests? The solution is “no.” These awareness programs have now been going on for decades on national and international levels now, but nonetheless there are thousands of people around the globe who’re clueless about the disease, doubtful over the proper measures, surrounded by myths. Many, including those who know a little about the disease, still shake their heads in disbelief when told that men also can develop breast cancer. That is perhaps why it is very important all of us are well- informed on the disease and its treatment, causes, risk factors and cure.
What’s Breast Cancer?
Simply, cancer may be defined as a condition when cells within the body multiply abnormally and do not behave like normal cells. Each cell inside our body has best hospital for breast cancer in Hyderabad an absolute life, and when body cells do not complete their life-cycles and do not die in due course, they might multiply infinitesimally and causes the surrounding cells to reflect exactly the same, leading to the forming of an abnormal growth of mass, cancer (or tumor), that might affect the way surrounding organs function and cause life-threatening complications.
To master about breast cancer, we must have a notion of the typical anatomy of breasts. Breasts have milk-producing glands in them; these glands are linked to your skin at nipples through narrow ducts. The tissues across the ducts and glands are usually made up of fat. The remaining breasts includes blood vessels, nerves, and lymphatic channels. Lymphatic channels are connect lymph nodes, which exist all across your body and, at an advance stage of cancer, serve as carriers of malignant cells and cause the cancer to spread to another areas of body.
When malignant (cancerous, tumor) cells are present in among the breasts or both, the condition is called breast cancer. On the basis of the spread of the cancerous cells, a cancer specialist decides upon the stage of the cancer. Typically, breast cancer can have 5 stages, namely, Stage 0, Stage 1, Stage 2 (2A, 2B), Stage 3 (3A, 3 B, 3C), and Stage 4. Early stage or 0 stage of cancer is once the disease hasn’t invaded surrounding breast tissues yet and located in the breast. At stage 1, cancer is significantly less than 2 centimeters in size and partially spread to lymph nodes in the underarms. Stage 2A is when tumor is significantly less than 2 cm, with 2mm penetration in lymph nodes in the underarm or when it is more than 2cm in size (and significantly less than 5cm) without the penetration in lymph nodes. Stage 2B is when tumor in breast in more than 5cm or when it more than 2cm (and significantly less than 5cm), but with penetration in lymph nodes. Stage 3 and above are known as advanced stages of breast cancer and on all cases tumors are usually more than 5cm and spread across other parts of body as well.
In its last stage, which will be stage 4, cancer has recently spread through another organs of your body, such as for instance, bones, lungs, lever, and brain. Breast cancer spreads across another organs of your body through lymph nodes, which may also be present in various organs within the body and are interconnected through the lymphatic system.
What Causes Breast Cancer?
So, what is it that produces breast cancer? What are the risk factors? The solution is there are no definite causes of breast cancer therefore; the risk factors include advancing age and family history of the cancer. Obesity can also be among the risk factors alongside regular alcohol use and late marriage. Anyone whose nearest and dearest have now been identified as having breast cancer previously is 2-3 times prone to develop it. Most women develop breast cancer after 50 or menopause.
What Reduces Risk?
Researchers have discovered that regular physical exercise and exercise can reduce the risk of breast cancer by half. Exercise also can help overcome the aftermaths of the disease and improves quality of life of people with breast cancer. Poor diet and alcohol consumption may also be common risk factors since they are directly linked to obesity. The easiest way to stop it is to have the breasts examined regularly by a specialist, especially after 30, and get them checked each time a lump is present in among the breasts.
Annual or biannual mammogram tests can detect cancer in breasts early, when it could be cured easily or removed even before it starts to develop in the breasts. It is, therefore, advised all women manage to get thier breasts examined by their doctors regularly, especially women in their thirties and older. Rarely, there’s possible cancer runs in the family where case genetic testing is needed to check whether a relative will develop the cancer or not in her lifetime. That said, it is very important to learn that not totally all lumps in breasts are tumors or cause harm, but it is equally important to have them examined by a specialist. In most cases lumps are not cancerous, but it is difficult to inform what’s tumor and what’s not without professional supervision. When one is tested positive, various other tests follow to ascertain the possibility of cancer. You can be asked to have a biopsy test, during which tissues from breasts are examined to inform the possibility of cancer. There are numerous options for treatment available even though one is found positive. Specialists decide upon the best option based on their investigations and the spread of cancer in the body.
People mustn’t fear going to their doctor and getting themselves examined for the fear of being tested positive for breast cancer. Tests and examinations do not guarantee the current presence of cancer; on the contrary, these often cancel the possibility of cancer. A lot of the times folks are tested negative. So, one should not fear tests, mammograms, or biopsy tests, get oneself checked and live freely.