Article Thirteen

Part 1. The Congress shall give highest goal to the enactment of steps that protect and enhance the best of all visitors to individual dignity, reduce cultural, economic, and political inequalities Article Thirteen, and eliminate ethnic inequities by equitably calming wealth and political energy for the normal good.

To this conclusion, the State shall regulate the order, control, use, and disposition of house and their increments.

Part 2. The promotion of cultural justice shall range from the commitment to produce economic options predicated on flexibility of effort and self-reliance.


Part 3. The State shall manage complete safety to labor, local and overseas, organized and unorganized, and promote complete employment and equality of employment options for all.

It shall promise the rights of workers to self-organization, collective bargaining and negotiations, and peaceful concerted activities, including the best to attack in accordance with law. They shall be eligible for protection of tenure, gentle problems of function, and a full time income wage. They shall also participate in plan and decision-making operations affecting their rights and advantages as may be provided by law.

The State shall promote the principle of discussed obligation between workers and employers and the preferential utilization of voluntary methods in settling disputes, including conciliation, and shall enforce their mutual submission therewith to foster professional peace.

The State shall regulate the relations between workers and employers, recognizing the best of labor to their just reveal in the fruits of production and the best of enterprises to reasonable earnings to opportunities, and to growth and growth.


Part 4. The State shall, by law, undertake an agrarian reform program started on the best of farmers and normal farmworkers who’re landless, to own immediately or collectively the lands they till or, in the case of different farmworkers, to receive a just reveal of the fruits thereof. To this conclusion, the State shall encourage and undertake the just distribution of agricultural lands, susceptible to such things and reasonable preservation limits since the Congress may possibly prescribe, taking into account ecological, developmental, or equity criteria, and susceptible to the cost of just compensation. In determining preservation limits, the State shall regard the best of little landowners. The State shall further offer incentives for voluntary land-sharing.

Part 5. The State shall understand the best of farmers, farmworkers, and landowners, as well as cooperatives, and different independent farmers’agencies to participate in the preparing, organization, and management of this program, and shall offer support to agriculture through appropriate technology and study, and adequate economic, production, advertising, and different support services.

Part 6. The State shall use the axioms of agrarian reform or stewardship, whenever applicable in accordance with law, in the disposition or utilization of different organic sources, including lands of the public domain below lease or concession acceptable to agriculture, susceptible to previous rights, homestead rights of little settlers, and the rights of indigenous neighborhoods with their ancestral lands.

The State may possibly resettle landless farmers and farmworkers in a unique agricultural estates which shall be distributed in their mind in the way provided by law.

Part 7. The State shall protect the rights of subsistence fishermen, particularly of local neighborhoods, to the preferential utilization of the communal marine and fishing sources, both inland and offshore. It shall offer support to such fishermen through appropriate technology and study, adequate economic, production, and advertising guidance, and different services. The State shall also protect, build, and conserve such resources. The safety shall extend to offshore fishing reasons of subsistence fishermen against international intrusion. Fishworkers shall get a just reveal from their labor in the utilization of marine and fishing resources.

Part 8. The State shall offer incentives to landowners to invest the proceeds of the agrarian reform program to market industrialization, employment creation, and privatization of public field enterprises. Economic tools used as cost because of their lands shall be honored as equity in enterprises of these choice.


Part 9. The State shall, by law, and for the normal good, undertake, in cooperation with the personal field, an ongoing program of urban area reform and housing that’ll produce available at inexpensive price, reasonable housing and simple services to underprivileged and abandoned people in urban centers and resettlement areas. It shall also promote adequate employment options to such citizens. In the implementation of such program the State shall regard the rights of little house owners.

Part 10. Urban or rural poor dwellers shan’t be evicted or their property demolished, except in accordance with law and in a just and gentle manner.

Number resettlement of urban or rural dwellers shall be performed without adequate consultation with them and the neighborhoods wherever they should be relocated.


Part 11. The State shall adopt a built-in and detailed method of health growth which shall project to make essential goods, health and different cultural services available to all individuals at inexpensive cost. There shall be goal for the wants of the underprivileged, ill, elderly, disabled, women, and children. The State shall project to provide free medical care to paupers.

Part 12. The State shall identify and maintain an effective food and medicine regulatory program and undertake appropriate health, manpower growth, and study, responsive to the country’s health wants and problems.

Part 13. The State shall begin a specific firm for disabled individuals because of their rehabilitation, self-development, and self-reliance, and their integration to the mainstream of society.


Part 14. The State shall protect functioning women by providing safe and healthful functioning problems, taking into account their maternal operates, and such facilities and options that may enhance their welfare and enable them to realize their complete potential in the company of the nation.


Part 15. The State shall regard the role of independent people’s agencies to enable individuals to follow and protect, within the democratic platform, their legitimate and collective interests and aspirations through peaceful and lawful means.

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